World Happiness Report 2021. India Ranked 139 out of 149 Countries. Worst Record!
Posted On March 23, 2021
On Friday, UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network has released World Happiness Report 2021. India ranked 139 out of 149 Countries. Its means India is the least happy country in the world. Though 2020 is considered to be the worst year which affects millions of lives worldwide. According to report,
" 2020 has been a year like no other. This whole report focuses on the effects of COVID-19 and how people all over the world have fared. Our aim was two-fold, first to focus on the effects of COVID-19 on the structure and quality of people’s lives, and second to describe and evaluate how governments all over the world have dealt with the pandemic. In particular, we try to explain why some countries have done so much better than others.
• The pandemic’s worst effect has been the 2 million deaths from COVID-19 in 2020. A rise of nearly 4% in the annual number of deaths worldwide represents a serious social welfare loss.
• For the living there has been greater economic insecurity, anxiety, disruption of every aspect of life, and, for many people, stress and challenges to mental and physical health."
There are 8 Chapter in W.H Report 2021 :-
Overview: Life under COVID-19
Happiness, trust, and deaths under COVID-19
COVID-19 prevalence and well-being: lessons from East Asia
Reasons for Asia-Pacific success in suppressing COVID-19
Mental health in the COVID-19 pandemic
Social connections and well-being during COVID-19
Work and well-being during COVID-19: impact, inequalities, resilience, and the future of work
There are 6 criteria for calculating happiness of a country. They are:
GDP per capita
Healthy life expectancy
Freedom to make life choices
Perception of Corruption
GDP per Capita: We know, how to calculate any country’s GDP. Data is available on the net. If you don,t know what is GDP, then see: Per capita gross domestic product (GDP) is a metric that breaks down a country’s economic output per person and is calculated by dividing the GDP of a country by its population. India’s GDP is badly affected due to COVID-19 but it can be improved in the coming years.
Healthy Life Expectancy: It can also be calculated. Data is available on the net for any country. You can search on google. Healthy life expectancy (HLE) is the expected number of remaining years of life spent in good health from a particular age, typically birth or age sixty-five, assuming current rates of mortality and morbidity. The life expectancy for India in 2020 was 69.73 years, a 0.33% increase from 2019. It can be increased more by providing better lifestyles, a greener and cleaner environment, better health services, daily exercise, yoga, etc.
The first two is based on Data, and the next 4 criteria is based on survey.
Social Support: There is a question asked in the survey, ” If you were in trouble, do you have relatives or friends you can count on to help you whenever you need them, or not?” You have to give the answer on a scale of 0 to 10. Zero(0) means you don,t believe in them, and 10 means you 100% believe in them. India’s score is very poor in social support according to the report. Why? Do people in India don,t trust their friends and relatives? Most people don,t want to help people in financial crisis, everyone wants money for themselves and for their family. They don,t want to help their relatives people. Also, some even leave their parents during old ages in some NGO ur with relatives. It’s not only about financial support but social, emotional, physical support also. We need proper guidance, mentors, teacher, a better understanding person in our society. We needed to be more supportive.
The Scale on which it is measured is called “Cantril Life Ladder” Zero means “worst possible life” and 10 means “best possible life”. Question is asked to 1000 to 3000 sample size of people of specific country.
Freedom to make Life Choices: The question asked in the survey, ” Are you satisfied or dissatisfied with your freedom to choose what you do with your life?” It depends on which society you live in, the mentality of people, the environment, and various other factors that are responsible for decision-making.
Generosity: The question asked in the survey, ” Have you donated money to a charity in the past month?” I think donations are only done by people who are happy from inside that they helped a person, NGO, charity, etc, make a smile on other person’s face, not greedy for money. There are very few people in society who genuinely donate from their hearts. There is a common notion,” People have money, but they didn,t give or share money with others, the person in need. They think I will be left with less money for my need, how can I give my money to others. But, if the person in front of you is a beggar, cobbler, daily wage worker, etc. They don,t wants money for their need, buying stuff but for their survival. We should help them, show some empathy towards them.
Corruption Perception: The question asked ” Is corruption widespread throughout the government or not?”, ” Is corruption widespread within businesses or not?” We all know, what is the situation of corruption in India from Government to public officials. I don,t think, I need to say anything regarding this. Indian people are very intelligent, knows everything, who is corrupt, who is not.
For each criterion, a score is given to the country. And the final score is based on the average score of all 6 criteria. The final score is measured on a scale of (0 to 8). There is also a 7th criterion named “Dystopia”. To understand this, you need to dive deeper into mathematics, which is very complex. I am not going to discuss it, you can search on google. India’s point is 3.819 on the point table which is a very poor, least happy country whereas Finland is the world’s happiest country with a point of 7.842 on the point table. Finland secured its top position for 4 consecutive years. It’s a great record for such a small country.
If you see from the graph, you will see that India’s rank is going down linearly from 2013 to 2020. It is really shocking. From the graph, we see data for India from 2013 to 2020. The average value for India during that period was 4.26 points with a minimum of 3.57 points in 2020 and a maximum of 4.77 points in 2013. If you see from the report, Changes in Happiness from 2005-2008 to 2016-2018, India is the 4th most affected country in the world in terms of happiness.
What the reasons behind such a great decline? What changes have happened back then from 2013 to 2020 for which India becomes the least happy country in the world? These questions needed to address to find out the reasons behind such a great decline in happiness. We should learn from other countries and take lesson from our past i.e, what we need, what needed to be improved, what should we do to make a better place, better policies, decision making so that, India become a better country.